Prof. Frank van Harmelen, PhD
Professor in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
Information Systems in the Linked Data Era
The principles that have made the Web into a world-wide network of documents have over the past decade been used succesfully to create a world-wide network of data, known as “the Semantic Web”, or more aptly as “Linked Data”.
This Linked Data cloud is interlinking thousands of information sources worldwide, and contains billions of information items ranging from popular culture to science, from medicine to politics and from encyclopedia to newspapers. The availability of this massive amount of computer-interpretable information on the web has had a profound impact on how companies, institutions and governments handle their consumption and their production of information.
We will describe the design principles underlying this world-wide distributed information system, illustrated with practical use-cases from a variety of sectors (search engines, news and media corporations, governments, healthcare), and we will discuss how all this has affected how companies like Google, the BBC and NXP implement and maintain their information systems.
Bio: Frank van Harmelen (PhD 1989 from Edinburgh) is professor in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning at the VU University Amsterdam. He is one of the co-designers of the W3C ontology representation language OWL, and has been involved in Semantic Web research from its early days.
He is co-author of the Semantic Web Primer, the first textbook on Semantic Web technologies, now translated into 5 languages. Besides research into fundamental questions such as inconsistency, scalability, heterogeneity, and dynamicity, he is also involved in a wide variety of applications of semantic technologies, among others in medicine, the pharmaceutical industry, scientific publishing and e-science. His work on the Sesame triplestore, one of the most widely used RDF repositories world wide, received the 10 year impact award of the International Semantic Web Conference. He is a member of the Dutch Royal Academy of Science and of the European Academy of Science (Academia Europaea).
Dan Bogdanov, PhD
Head of Privacy Technologies at Cybernetica, Estonia
Embedding Privacy by Design in Information Systems, one Business Process at a Time
Computers were initially designed to make copying data easier. Packet-switched networks like the Internet took a step further, making copying data across vast distances easier than walking to the next room. Security and privacy have been afterthoughts, something we are trying to add with tacks and tape.
This design philosophy is also common in information systems engineering. Information systems are often designed with the assumption that the performer of a task in a business process has fine-grained access to the data that might be required for the task’s performance. For example, statistical, big data, and visualisation technologies expect to have unhindered record-level access to the underlying data sources.
Not surprisingly, there is now quite a lot of panic around new data protection regulations enacted in Japan and the European Union with upcoming bills in Brazil and other regions. What these regulations actually aim for, is data minimisation. Data minimisation has been a central component in the Privacy Principles adopted by OECD since the 1980s. But it took regulations with financial non-compliance penalties to make companies care about it.
Fortunately, the research community has not been sleeping in the meantime. It has been developing a range of Privacy Enhancing Technologies, Privacy Engineering practices, standards and tools that help us build information systems where privacy is embedded by design and by default. In this keynote, I will share several stories of technology development and deployment, business process change, and standardisation, which are heralding a new era in how we build information systems on top of private data.
Bio: Dan Bogdanov (PhD) is Head of Privacy Technologies at Cybernetica, an Estonian company established in 1997 as the successor of the applied research unit of the Institute of Cybernetics of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Cybernetica researches, develops, and manufactures software solutions, maritime surveillance and radio communications systems, and security technologies. Since its creation, Cybernetica has been a key player in the development of the Estonian e-Government platform (X-Road) and Internet Voting software.
Dan Bogdanov has been working for over a decade in the development and deployment of Privacy Enhancing Technologies, with an emphasis on secure multiparty computation and trusted execution technologies. He is the inventor of the Sharemind secure computing platform and leads its development to this day. He has played key roles in half a dozen EU and DARPA-funded projects in the fields of security and privacy technologies. He has also contributed to privacy and cryptography standardisation activities in ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 27, both as an expert and an editor, particularly in regards to privacy architecture frameworks, secret sharing, and data de-identification technologies.
Prof. Jan Recker, PhD
Chaired Professor for Information Systems and Systems Development, University of Cologne, Germany
Information Systems Engineering in the Digital Age
Big data has an interesting relationship with emergent digital technologies – such as mobile and distributed computing, social media, digital platforms, data analytics, artificial intelligence, blockchains, cloud computing, and so forth: big data both infuses these technologies and is their outcome. Both big data and digital technologies are the hallmark of the present so-called “digital age” that continues to produce new, different information systems – smart and personal, large-scale and micro-scale, real-time and nudging. In this era, it is fair to ask: is the way we approach, do and research information systems engineering still appropriate? Do we need to rethink assumptions, re-engineer approaches and/or revisit research methods?
In this keynote I will reflect on information systems engineering as a research field and outline some potential tensions that this field encounters in the age of big data and emergent digital technologies. I will outline some alternative views on information systems engineering and sketch some alternative pathways for the way we conduct impactful research and produce new theories and artefacts of information systems engineering.
Bio: Jan Recker is Alexander-von-Humboldt Fellow, Chaired Professor for Information Systems and Systems Development at the University of Cologne, and Adjunct Professor at the QUT Business School at Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane. He previously held positions as inaugural Woolworths Chair of Retail Innovation, Leader, Digital Innovation Research Group, and Visiting Professor, Wuhan School of Software. When he was first promoted to Full Professor in 2012, he was one of Australia’s youngest professors in its history.
Jan is one of Cologne’s most cited scholars and one of QUT’s most read authors. He has written over 200 journal articles, conference papers and books, and has been speaking at universities and events all over the globe. He has worked with several of the largest organizations, including Woolworths, SAP, Hilti, Commonwealth Bank, Federal Police, federal and state governments.
His research focuses on Digital Innovation, Systems Analysis and Design and the role of Technology for Environmental Sustainability. His research has appeared in leading information systems, management science, software engineering, project management, computer science, and sociology journals. He has published in journals of the ACM, IEEE, AIS and AOM. He has also written popular textbooks on scientific research and data analysis. He ranks as one of the most published information systems academics of all time. He is currently Editor-in-Chief of the Communications of the Association for Information Systems, one of two flagship journals of the global information systems association, and an Associate Editor for the MIS Quarterly, the leading journal of the field.